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​The Australian curriculum aims to ensure that students:

  • learn to listen to, read, view, speak, write, create and reflect on increasingly complex and sophisticated spoken, written and multimodal texts across a growing range of contexts with accuracy, fluency and purpose

  • appreciate, enjoy and use the English language in all its variations and develop a sense of its richness and power to evoke feelings, convey information, form ideas, facilitate interaction with others, entertain, persuade and argue

  • understand how standard Australian English works in its spoken and written forms and in combination with non-linguistic forms of communication to create meaning

  • develop interest and skills in inquiring into the aesthetic aspects of texts

  • develop an informed appreciation of literature.

The Australian curriculum is organised into three interrelated strands that support students' growing understanding and use of English. Together the three strands focus on developing students’ knowledge, understanding and skills in listening, reading, viewing, speaking and writing. The three strands are:

  • language: knowing about the English language

  • literature: understanding, appreciating, responding to, analysing and creating literature

  • literacy: expanding the repertoire of English usage.

Strands and sub-strands

Content descriptions in each strand are grouped into sub-strands that, across the year levels, present a sequence of development of knowledge, understanding and skills. The sub-strands are:




Language variation and change

Literature and context

Texts in context

Language for interaction

Responding to literature

Interacting with others

Text structure and organisation

Examining literature

Interpreting, analysing and evaluating

Expressing and developing ideas

Creating literature

Creating texts

Sound and letter knowledge